AQA GCSE - Paper 1 - Cognition and behaviour
AQA GCSE Specification:
Processes of memory: encoding (input) storage and retrieval (output)
Different types of memory: episodic memory, semantic memory and procedural memory. How memories are encoded and stored
Structures of memory The multi-store model of memory: sensory, short term and long term.
Features of each store: coding, capacity, duration. Primacy and recency effects in recall: the effects of serial position. Murdock’s serial position curve study.
Memory as an active process The Theory of Reconstructive Memory, including the concept of ‘effort after meaning’. Bartlett’s War of the Ghosts study. Factors affecting the accuracy of memory, including interference, context and false memories.